Published: 12th October 2016
By Christine Byiringiro
Education and health play a pivotal role in producing a quality human resource for any given country, which in turn accelerates the country’s socio-economic development. Uganda’s efforts over the years to invest in the two sectors cannot go unappreciated. The development of primary education in low-income countries, contributes the most to national income growth according to a January 2015 publication of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) titled “The investment case for education and equity”. The report notes that 10 additional percentage points in the primary enrolment rate is associated with an increase of between 0.2 and 0.3 percentage points in GDP per capita annual income growth (in real terms). As a result of the income effects of education, poverty rates decline with each level of education, particularly for primary education.
Article 29 of The Convention on the Rights of the Child, to which Uganda is party, is emphatic on an education directed to developing the child's abilities to their fullest potential and preparing them for responsible life. The State’s Constitutional obligation to provide access to education for its citizens is clear under Articles 30 and 34(2). The Education Act, 2008 interprets basic education to mean the minimum educational package of learning made available to each citizen through phases of formal primary education and non-formal education system to enable them become useful persons in society.
By Jenice Ishimimaana
Published: 21st September 2016
World leaders have been worried about the rise in inequality for several years now, yet the gap between the richest and the rest has continued to grow. In 2015, it was predicted by Oxfam International that the wealth of the top 1% of the rich would overtake that of the rest of the population by 2016; that milestone was reached two months ahead of schedule. The longer we wait to take action on inequalities, the more serious the consequences will be.
Economic inequality is a corrosive force that can undermine economic growth, hamper the fight against poverty, and spark social unrest. The State of East Africa Report titled the “Consolidating Misery? ” . an analysis was made on inequalities and Political economy. Inequality was highlighted as the single greatest threat to social and economic stability in East Africa. (September 2016) The Political Economy of Inequalities in East Africa highlighted several pillars of inequality which included the social, political and economic pillars.
By Adellah Agaba
Published: 21st September 2016
While the world’s youth population is expected to grow significantly in the next decades, employment and entrepreneurial opportunities for youth, especially those living in economically stagnant rural areas of developing countries, remain limited. Uganda’s population is generally young, with more than 50 per cent of the population being below 18 years old and about 11.2 million young adults (10-24 years).
Of these, more than 80 per cent -mostly females -live in rural areas. The group of Ugandans between 12 and 30 years is the largest and is growing even bigger. There is, therefore, a significant and growing youth surge in the demographics of Uganda. Uganda’s population structure clearly demonstrates the demographic pressures the country is facing today with a large youth population and an even much larger child population moving to increase the youth population further.